APP下载
扫一扫下载
关注微博 关注微信 最新成绩单 考试日历 上传考题 注册 登录

2000年1月大学英语四级考试真题及答案

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)

Section A

1. A) The woman is seeing a doctor. C) The woman is tired of her work.
B) The woman is a close friend of the man. D) The woman has been working too hard.

2. A) His mother can't make apple pies. C) His mother likes the pie very much.
B) This pie can't match his mother's . D) This apple pie tastes very good.

3. A) Take a walk. C) Dance to the music.
B) Listen to the music. D) Give a performance.

4. A) Read more than one article. C) Present a different theory to the class.
B) Choose a better article to read. D) Read an article on political science.

5. A) The woman isn't a skillful typist.
B) The woman should work as hard as Mary.
C) The woman should do the typing for Mary.
D) The woman would understand if she did Mary's job.

6. A) He wants to make an appointment with Mr. Smith.
B) He wants to make sure that Mr. Smith will see him.
C) He wants to change the time of the appointment.
D) He wants the woman to meet him at three o'clock.

7. A) He gets nervous very easily. C) He is an awful speaker.
B) He is an inexperienced speaker. D) He hasn't prepared his speech well.

8. A) She didn't like the books the man bought.
B) There wasn't a large selection at the bookstore.
C) The man bought a lot of books.
D) She wanted to see what the man bought.

9. A) Buy a ticket for the ten o'clock flight. C) Go to the airport immediately.
B) Ask the man to change the ticket for her. D) Switch to a different flight.

10. A) Dr. Lemon is waiting for a patient. C) Dr. Lemon has lost his patience.
B) Dr. Lemon is busy at the moment. D) Dr. Lemon has gone out to visit a patient.

Section B

Passage One
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A) A car outside the supermarket. C) Paul's car
B) A car at the bottom of the hill. D) The sports car.

12. A) Inside the car. C) In the garage
B) At the foot of the hill. D) In the supermarket.

13. A) The driver of the sports car. C) The man standing nearby.
B) The two girls inside the car. D) The salesman from London.

14. A) Nobody B) The two girls. C) The bus driver. D) Paul.

Passage two
Question 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15. A) His friend gave him the wrong key.
B) He didn't know where the back door was.
C) He couldn't find the key to his mailbox.
D) It was too dark to put the key in the lock.

16. A) It was getting dark.
B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.
C) The birds might have flown away.
D) His friend would arrive any time.

17. A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.
B) He knew the policeman wouldn't believe him.
C) The torch light made him look very foolish.
D) He realized that he had made a mistake.

Passage Three
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.
B) The exhaustion of energy resources.
C) The destruction of oil wells.
D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.

19. A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.
B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.
C) The oil lades soon dried up and stopped evaporating.
D) The underground water resources have not been polluted.

20. A) To restore the normal production of the oil wells.
B) To estimate the losses caused by the fires.
C) To remove the oil left in the desert.
D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage :

Unless we spend money to spot and prevent asteroids(小行星) now , one might crash into Earth and destroy life as we know it, say some scientists.

Asteroids are bigger versions of the meteoroids(流星) that race across the night sky. Most orbit the sun for from Earth and don't threaten us. But there are also thousands of asteroids whose orbits put them on a collision course with Earth.

Buy $50 million worth of mew telescopes right now. Then spend $10 million a year for the next 25 years to locate most of the space rocks. By the time we spot a fatal one, scientist say, we'll have a way to change its course.

Some scientists favor pushing asteroids off course with nuclear weapons. But the cost wouldn't be cheap.
Is it worth it? Two things experts consider when judging any risk are: 1) How likely the event is;and 2) How bad the consequences if the event occurs. Experts think and asteroid big enough to destroy lots of life might strike Earth once every 500,000 years. Sounds pretty rare -----but if one did fall, it would be the end of the world. "If we don't take care of these big asteroids, they'll take care of us," says one scientist. "It's that simple."

The cure, though, might be worse than the disease. Do we really want fleets of nuclear weapons sitting around on Earth? "The world has less to fear from doomsday(毁灭性的)rocks than from a great nuclear fleet set against them," said a New York Time article.

21. What does the passage say about asteroids and meteoroids?
A) They are heavenly bodies different in composition.
B) They are heavenly bodies similar in mature.
C) There are more asteroids than meteoroids.
D) Asteroids are more mysterious than meteoroids.

22. What do scientists say about the collision of an asteroid with Earth?
A) It is very unlikely but the danger exists.
B) Such a collision might occur once every 25 years.
C) Collisions of smaller asteroids with Earth occur more often than expected.
D) It's still too early to say whether such a collision might occur.

23. What do people think of the suggestion of using nuclear weapons to alter the course of asteroids?
A) It sounds practical but it may not solve the problem.
B) It may create more problems than it might solve.
C) It is a waste of money because a collision of asteroids with Earth is very unlikely.
D) Further research should be done before it is proved applicable.

24.We can conclude from the passage that
A) While pushing asteroids off course nuclear weapons would destroy the world.
B) Asteroids racing across the night sky are likely to hit Earth in the near future.
C) The worry about asteroids can be left to future generations since it is unlikely to happen in our lifetime.
D) Workable solutions still have to be found to prevent a collision of asteroids with Earth.

25. Which of the following best describes the author's tone in this passage?
A) Optimistic B) Critical C) Objective D) Arbitrary

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:

Believe it or not, optical illusion(错觉)can cut highway crashes.

Japan is a case in point. It has reduced automobile crashes on some roads by nearly 75 percent using a simple optical illusion. Bent stripes, called chevrons (人字形),painted on the roads make drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus drivers slow down.

Now the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in Washington D.C. is planning to repeat Japan's success. Starting next year, the foundation will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to test how well the patterns reduce highway crashes.

Excessive speed plays a major role in as much as one fifth of all fatal traffic accidents, according to the foundation. To help reduce those accidents, the foundation will conduct its tests in areas where speed-related hazards are the greatest------curves, exit slopes, traffic circles, and bridges.

Some studies suggest that straight, horizontal bars painted across roads can initially cut the average speed of drivers in half. However, traffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bars.

Chevrons, scientists say, not only give drivers the impression that they are driving faster than they really are but also make a lane appear to be narrower. The result is a longer lasting reduction in highway speed and the number of traffic accidents.

26. The passage mainly discusses
A) a new way of highway speed control
B) a new pattern for painting highways
C) a new approach to training drivers
D) a new type of optical illusion

27. On roads painted with chevrons, drivers tend to feel that
A) they could avoid speed-related hazards
B) they are driving in the wrong lane
C) they should slow down their speed
D) they are approaching the speed limit

28. The advantage of chevrons over straight, horizontal bars is that the former
A) can keep drivers awake
B) can cut road accidents in half
C) will have a longer effect on drivers
D) will look more attractive

29. The American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety Plans to
A) try out the Japanese method in certain areas
B) change the road signs across the country
C) replace straight, horizontal bars with chevrons
D) repeat the Japanese road patterns

30. What does the author say about straight, horizontal bars painted across roads?
A) They are falling out of use in the United States.
B) They tend to be ignored by drivers in a short period of time.
C) They are applicable only on broad roads.
D) They cannot be applied successfully to traffic circles.

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

Amtrak(美国铁路客运公司)was experiencing a downswing in ridership(客运量) along the lines comprising its rail system. Of major concern to Amtrak and its advertising agency DDB Needham, were the long-distance western routes where ridership had been declining significantly.

At one time, trains were the only practical way to cross the vast areas of the west. Trains were fast, very luxurious , and quite convenient compared to other forms of transportation existing at the time . However , times change and the automobile became America's standard of convenience. Also, air travel had easily established itself as the fastest method of traveling great distances. Therefore, the task for DDB Needham was to encourage consumers to consider other aspects of train travel in order to change their attitudes and increase the likelihood that trains would be considered for travel in the west.

Two portions of the total market were targeted:1)anxious fliers----those concerned with safety, relaxation, and cleanliness and 2) travel-lovers ----those viewing themselves as relaxed, casual, and interested in the travel experience as part of their vacation. The agency then developed a campaign that focused on travel experiences such as freedom, escape, relaxation, and enjoyment of the great western outdoors. It stressed experiences gained by using the trains and portrayed western train trips as wonderful adventures.
Advertisements showed pictures of the beautiful scenery that could be enjoyed along some of the more famous western routes and emphasized the romantic names of these trains( Empire Builder, etc.). These ads were strategically placed among family-oriented TV shows and programs involving nature and America in order to most effectively reach target audiences. Results were impressive. The Empire Builder, which was focused on in one ad, enjoyed a 15 percent increase in profits on its Chicago to Seattle route.

31. What's the author's purpose in writing this passage?
A) To show the inability of trains to compete with planes with respect to speed and
convenience.
B) To stress the influence of the automobile on America's standard of convenience.
C) To emphasize the function of travel agencies in market promotion.
D) To illustrate the important role of persuasive communication in changing consumer attitudes.

32. It can be inferred from the passage that the drop in Amtark ridership was due to the fact
that .
A) trains were not suitable for short distance passenger transportation
B) trains were not the fastest and most convenient form of transportation
C) trains were not as fast and convenient as they used to be
D) trains could not compete with planes in terms of luxury and convenience

33. To encourage consumers to travel by train, DDB Needham emphasized
A) the freedom and convenience provided on trains
B) the practical aspects of train travel
C) the adventurous aspects of train trips
D) the safety and cleanliness of train trips

34. The train ads were placed among family-oriented TV programs involving nature and
America because
A) they could focus on meaningful travel experiences
B) they could increase the effectiveness of the TV programs
C) their profits could be increased by some 15 percent
D) most travel-lovers and nervous fliers were believed to be among the audiences

35. According to the passage, the Empire Builder enjoyed an increase in ridership and profits because
A) the attractiveness of its name and route was effectively advertised
B) it provided an exciting travel experience
C) its passengers could enjoy the great western outdoors
D) it was widely advertised in newspapers and magazines in Chicago and Seattle

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

Why does dream go bad faster than butter? Some researchers think they have the answer, and it comes down to the structure of the food, not its chemical composition-----a finding that could help rid some processed foods of chemical preservatives.

Cream and butter contain pretty much the same substances, so why cream should sour much faster has other. Both are emulsions----tiny globules(小球体)of one liquid evenly distributed throughout another .The difference lies in what's in the globules and what's in the surrounding liquid, says Brocklehurst, who led the investigation.

In cream, fatty globules drift about in a sea of water. In butter, globules of a watery solution are locked away in a sea of fat. The bacteria which make the food go bad prefer to live in the watery regions of the mixture. "This means that in cream, the bacteria are free to grow throughout the mixture," he says.

When the situation is reversed, the bacteria are locked away in compartments(隔仓室) buried deep in the sea of fat. Trapped in this way, individual colonies cannot spread and rapidly run out of nutrients(养料). They also slowly poison themselves with their waste products. "In butter, you get a self-limiting system which stops the bacteria growing," says Brocklehurst .

The researchers are already working with food companies keen to see if their products can be made resistant to bacterial attack through alterations to the food's structure. Brocklehurst believes it will be possible to make the emulsions used in salad cream, for instance, more like that in butter. The key will be to do this while keeping the salad cream liquid and not turning it into a solid lump.

36. The significance of Brocklehurst's research is that
A) it suggested a way to keep some foods fresh without preservatives
B) it discovered tiny globules in both cream and butter
C) it revealed the secret of how bacteria multiply in cream and butter
D) it found that cream and butter share the same chemical composition

37. According to the researchers, cream sours faster than butter because
A) are more evenly distributed in cream
B) multiply more easily in cream than in butter
C) live on less fat in cream than in butter
D) produce less waste in cream than in butter

38. According to Brocklehurst, we can keep cream fresh
A) removing its fat C) reducing its water content
B) killing the bacteria D) altering its structure

39. The word " colonies" (Line 2, Para. 4) refers to
A) tiny globules C ) bacteria communities
B) watery regions D) little compartments

40. Commercial application of the research finding will be possible if salad cream can be
made resistant to bacterial attack .
A) by varying its chemical composition
B) by turning it into a solid lump
C) while keeping its structure unchanged
D) while retaining its liquid form

Part III Vocabulary and Structure

41. She ought to stop work; she has a headache because she ________ too long.
A) has been reading B) had read C) is reading D)read

42. Niagara Falls is a great tourist ________, drawing millions of visitors every year.
A) attention B) attraction C) appointments D) arrangement

43. I don't mind ________ the decision as long as it is not too late.
A) you to delay making C) your delaying to make
B) your delaying making D) you delay to make

44. The hopes, goals, fears and desires ________ widely between men and women,
between the rich and the poor.
A) alter B) shift C) transfer D) vary

45. Corn originated in the New World and thus was not known in Europe until
Columbus found it ________ in Cuba.
A) being cultivated B) having cultivated C) been cultivated D) cultivating

46. The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience ________ on benches,
chairs or boxes.
A) having seated B) seating C) seated D) having been seated

47. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ________ comfortably.
A) is worn B) wears C) wearing D) are worn

48. Some diseases are ________ by certain water animals.
A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D) transmitted

49. Wouldn't you rather your child ________ to bed early?
A) go B) went C) would go D) goes

50. Although Anne is happy with her success she wonders ________ will happen to
her private life.
A) that B) what C) it D) this

51. The words of his old teacher left a ________ impression on his mind. He is still
influenced by them.
A) long B)lively C) lasting D) liberal

52. Mike's uncle insists ________ in this hotel.
A) staying not B) not to stay C) that he would not stay D) that he not stay

53 . We agreed to accept ________ they thought was the best tourist guide.
A) whatever B) whomever C) whichever D) whoever

54. It is our ________ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means.
A) consistent B) continuous C) considerate D) continual

55. Between 1974 and 1997 , the number of overseas visitors expanded ________ 27%.
A) by B) for C) to D) in

56. Although many people view conflict as bas, conflict is sometimes useful ________
it forces people to test the relative merits of their attitudes and behaviors.
A) by which B) to which C) in that D) so that

57. He is ________ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year.
A) optimistic B) optional C) outstanding D) obvious

58. Sometimes I wish I ________ in a different time and a different place.
A) be living B) were living C) would live D) would have lived

59. The director was critical ________ the way we were doing the work.
A) at B) in C) of D) with

60. In a sudden ________ of anger, the man tore up everything within reach.
A) attack B) burst C) split D) blast

61. ________ she realized it was too late to go home.
A) No sooner it grew dark than C) Scarcely had it grown dark than
B) Hardly did it grow dark that D) It was not until dark that

62. In Britain people ________ four million tons of potatoes every year.
A) swallow B) dispose C) consume D) exhaust

63. I'd ________ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the
community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan.
A) take into account B) make up for C) account for D) make out

64. It is essential that these application forms ________ back as early as possible.
A) must be sent B) will be sent C) are sent D) be sent

65. She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make it ________ enough to eat.
A) mild B) slight C) light D) tender

66. We take our skin for granted until it is burned ________ repair.
A) beyond B) for C) without D) under

67. The computer revolution may well change society as ________ as did the Industrial
Revolution.
A) certainly B) insignificantly C) fundamentally D) comparatively

68. ________ in this way, the situation doesn't seem so disappointing.
A) To look at B) Looking at C) Looked at D) To be looked at

69. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen. They are a thorough ________
A) nuisance B) trouble C) worry D) anxiety

70. Some women ________ a good salary in a job instead of staying home, but they
decided not to work for the sake of the family.
A) must make B) should have made C) would make D) could have made

Part IV Cloze(15 minutes)(共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)

In a telephone survey of more than 2,000 adults, 21% said they believed the sun revolved(旋转) around the earth. An (71) 7% did not know which revolved around (72) . I have no doubt that (73) all of these people were all of these people were (74) in school that the earth revolves around the sun; (75) may even have written it (76) a test. But they never (77) their incorrect mental models of planetary(行星的) (78) because their everyday observations didn't support (79) their teachers told them: People see the sun "moving" (80) the sky as morning turns to night , and the earth seems stationary(静止的) (81) that is happening .
Students can learn the right answers (82) heart in class, and yet never combined them (83) their working models of the world. The objectively correct answer the professor accepts and the (84) personal understanding of the world can (85) side by side , each unaffected by the other .
Outside of class, the student continues to use the (86) model because it has always worked well (87) that circumstance. Unless professors address (88) errors in students' personal models of the world, students are not (89) to replace them with the (90) one.

71. A) excessive B) extra C) additional D) added
72. A) what B) which C) that D) other
73. A) virtually B) remarkably C) ideally D)preferably
74. A) learned B) suggested C) taught D) advised
75. A) those B) these C) who D) they
76. A) on B) with C) under D) for
77. A) formed B) altered C) believed D) thought
78.A) operation B) position C) motion D) location
79. A) how B) which C) that D) what
80. A) around B) across C)on D)above
81. A) since B) so C)while D)for
82. A) to B) by C) in D) with
83. A) with B) into C) to D) along
84. A) adult's B) teacher's C) scientist's D) student's
85. A) exist B) occur C) survive D)maintain
86. A) private B) individual C) personal D)own
87. A) in B)with C)on D) for
88. A) general B) natural C) similar D) specific
89. A) obliged B) likely C) probable D) partial
90. A) perfect B) better C) reasonable D) correct

Part V Writing (30 minutes) (共15分)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How I Finance My College Education. You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1. 上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决
  2. 哪种途径适合于我(说明理由)

  How I Finance My College Education

  范文:

  Several years ago new tuition fee policy was put into practice and college students were asked to pay a certain sum of money. And now, all the students, no matter what subjects they are engaged in, must pay for tuition.

  There are many ways for a student to finance his college education. Most students ask their parents to pay the tuition fee and pay for their books, accommodation and other cost. A student can also apply for the scholarship. Most universities set up scholarship to offer money to the poor students who do well in entrance exams and reward those who do well in entrance exams and reward those who work well at university. A student can also apply for the low-interest loans. In addition to the above, taking part-time jobs is also a common way for a college student to get money to pay part of his tuition and fees.

  So far as I’m concerned, I’d prefer earning the scholarship. This means I must study hard and be a top student, which has always been my goal. After all, the task of a student is to study. And in addition to solving my financial problems, getting the scholarship can also prove my ability and is good for my future.

答案:ADCAD BBCDB CDAAA BBDDC BABDC ACCAB DBCDA ABDCD ABBDA CBDBB CDDAA CABCB DCADD ACCAD

喜欢数:0|人气:2803|评论数:0

我要模考网举报

如果您对此用户上传有任何意见,请填写以下相关的意见或建议给我们,我们会认真处理每个意见或建议,谢谢您的参与!

举报信息:
类型:
×

1、选择服务类型

2、选择支付方式