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发布人: HelloHedy   发布时间: 2016-07-20

新托福语境内猜词训练20

1

It was in the cities that the elements that can be associated with modern capitalism first appeared-the use of money and commercial paper in place of barter, open competition in place of social deference and hierarchy, with an attendant rise in social disorder, and the appearance of factories using coal or water power in place of independent craftspeople working with hand tools.

The phrase "in place of" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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2

Except for Boston, whose population stabilized at about 16, 000 in 1760, cities grew by exponential leaps through the eighteenth century.

The phrase "exponential leaps" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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3

The quality of the hinterland dictated the pace of growth of the cities.

The word "dictated" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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4

The land surrounding Boston had always been poor farm country, and by the mid-eighteenth century it was virtually stripped of its timber. The available farmland was occupied; there was little in the region beyond the city to attract immigrants.

The word "virtually" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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5

Although there are several variations on the exact format that worksheet can take, they are all similar in their essential aspects.

The word "essential" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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6

Next, the pertinent considerations that will be affected by each decision are listed, and the relative importance of each consideration or consequence is determined.

The word "pertinent" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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7

A decision-making worksheet begins with a succinct statement of the problem that will also help to narrow it. It is important to be clear about the distinction between long-range and immediate goals because long-range goals often involve a different decision than short-range ones.

The word "succinct" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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8

Focusing on long-range goals, a graduating student might revise the question above to "What will I do after graduation that will lead to a successful career?"

The word "revise" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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9

The ecosystems of the Earth provide an array of free public services that are essential for the support of civilizations.

The word "array" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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10

They do know, however, that the theory once advanced in the nineteenth century --- that the productivity of the land can be infinitely increased by the application of capital, labor, and science --- is wrong.

The word "advanced" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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11

Two reasons are usually advanced to account for this tardy development, namely, the mental difficulties and the physical difficulties encountered in such work.

The word "tardy" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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12

The first of these, the mental difficulties, must be somewhat discounted. The impression that the ancient numeral systems are not amenable to even the simplest calculations is largely based on lack of familiarity with these systems.

The word "discounted" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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13

Without a plentiful and convenient supply of some suitable writing medium, any very extended development of the arithmetic process was bound to be hampered. 

The word "hampered" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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14

In the core of the Sun, the pressures are so great against the gases that, despite the high temperature, there may be a small solid core.

The word "great" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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15

The corona is a brilliant, pearly white, filmy light, about as bright as the full Moon. Its beautiful rays are a sensational sight during an eclipse. The corona's rays flash out in a brilliant fan that has wispy spike like rays near the Sun's north and south poles.

The word "sensational" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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