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新托福语境内猜词训练23 - 外语类 - 托福/托业 - 我要模考网
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发布人: HelloHedy   发布时间: 2016-07-20

新托福语境内猜词训练23

1

Air currents move and lift droplets so that the net downward displacement is zero, even though the droplets are in constant motion.

The word "motion" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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2

To the casual observer, dust seems to act in a totally random fashion, moving about chaotically without fixed direction.

The word "random" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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3

During the 1920's she was editor of The Dial, an important literary magazine of the period.

The word "period" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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4

The Southwest has always been a dry country, where water is scarce. The Hopi and Zuni brought water from streams to their fields and gardens through irrigation ditches.

The word "scarce" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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5

Like tree roots breaking up a sidewalk, the growing crystals exert pressure on the rock and eventually pry the rock apart along planes of weakness, such as banding in metamorphic rocks, bedding in sedimentary rocks, or preexisting or incipient fractions, and along boundaries between individual mineral crystals or grains.

The word "exert" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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6

A rock durable enough to have withstood natural conditions for a very long time in other areas could probably be shattered into small pieces by salt weathering within a few generations.

The word "durable" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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7

The dominant salt in Death Valley is halite, or sodium chloride, but other salts, mostly carbonates and sulfates, also cause prying and wedging, as does ordinary ice.

The word "dominant" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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8

Overland transport in the United States was still extremely primitive in 1790. Roads were few and short, usually extending from inland communities to the nearest river town or seaport.

The word "primitive" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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9

Nearly all interstate commerce was carried out by sailing ships that served the bays and harbors of the seaboard. Yet, in 1790 the nation was on the threshold of a new era of road development.

The phrase "on the threshold of" in line 4 and 5 is closest in meaning to which of following?

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10

The company built a gravel road within two years, and the success of the Lancaster Pike encouraged imitation. Northern states generally relied on private companies to build their toll roads, but Virginia constructed a network at public expense.

The word "imitation" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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11

Its peoples became great traders, bartering jewellery, pottery, animal pelts, tools, and other goods along extensive trading networks that stretched up and down eastern North America and as far west as the Rocky Mountains.

The word "bartering" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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12

Over the next centuries, it was supplanted by another culture, the Mississippian, named after the river along which many of its earliest villages were located.

The word "supplanted" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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13

Most of these towns boasted at least one major flat-topped mound on which stood a temple that contained a sacred flame. Only priests and those charged with guarding the flame could enter the temples.

The phrase "charged with" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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14

Printmaking is the generic term for a number of processes, of which woodcut and engraving are two prime examples.

The word "prime" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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15

Engraving, which grew out of the goldsmith's art, originated in Germany and northern Italy in the middle of the fifteenth century. It is an intaglio process from Italian intagliare, "to carve") . The image is incised into a highly polished metal plate, usually copper, with a cutting instrument, or burin.

The word "incised" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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16

Both woodcut and engraving have distinctive characteristics. Engraving lends itself to subtle modeling and shading through the use of fine lines.

The word "distinctive" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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17

Both methods can yield several hundred good-quality prints before the original block or plate begins to show signs of wear.

The word "yield" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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18

But not all animal parents, even those that tend their offspring to the point of hatching or birth, feed their young.

The word "tend" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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19

Few insects feed their young after hatching, but some make other arrangement, provisioning their cells and nests with caterpillars and spiders that they have paralyzed with their venom and stored in a state of suspended animation so that their larvae might have a supply of fresh food when they hatch.

The word "provisioning" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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20

For animals other than mammals, then, feeding is not intrinsic to parental care. Animals add it to their reproductive strategies to give them an edge in their lifelong quest for descendants.

The word "edge" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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