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发布人: HelloHedy   发布时间: 2016-07-20

新托福语境内猜词训练26

1

The simple of these is the carbon dioxide from the respiration of an ant cluster, a chemical that acts pheromone to promote aggregation.

The word "cluster" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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2

Fire ants also make use of an alarm pheromone to alert workers to an emergency, and their scouts lay down a trail pheromone as a guide during mass migrations.

The word "alert" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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3

A fire ant queen emits a chemical signal that identifies her to the colony's workers. They respond by scurrying to gather around her. The decomposing corpse of a dead ant also generates a signal, to which workers respond by eliminating the corpse from the nest.

The word "scurrying" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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4

Rivers also reveal clay along their banks, and erosion on a hillside may make clay easily accessible.

The word "accessible" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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5

Variations of clay composition and the temperatures at which they are fired account for the differences in texture and appearance between a china teacup and an earthenware flowerpot.

The phrase "account for" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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6

One researcher observed babies and their mothers in six diverse cultures and found that, in all six languages, the mothers used simplified syntax, short utterances and nonsense sounds, and transformed certain sounds into baby talk.

The word "diverse" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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7

Other investigators have noted that when mothers talk to babies who are only a few months old, they exaggerate the pitch, loudness, and intensity of their words.

The word "noted" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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8

They also exaggerate their facial expressions, hold vowels longer, and emphasize certain words.

The word "emphasize" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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9

When songs have been subjected to these processes, their origin is usually impossible to trace.

The word "subjected" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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10

This constant reshaping and re-creation is the essence of folk music. Consequently, modern popular songs and other published music, even though widely sung by people who are not professional musicians, are not considered folk music.

The word "essence" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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11

In 1903 the members of the governing board of the University of Washington, in Seattle, engaged a firm of landscape architects, specialists in the design of outdoor environments --- Olmsted Brothers of Brookline, Massachusetts --- to advise them on an appropriate layout for the university grounds.

The word "engaged" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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12

John Olmsted did the investigation and subsequent report on Seattle's parks.

The word "subsequent" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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13

With such unparalleled sums at their disposal, with the Olmsted guidelines to follow, and with the added incentive of wanting to have the city at its best for the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition of 1909, the Parks Board bought aggressively.

The word "sums" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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14

Many prehistoric people subsisted as hunters and gatherers. Undoubtedly, game animals, including some very large species, provided major components of human diets.

The word "Undoubtedly" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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15

Hunter-gatherers may have contributed to Pleistocene extinctions in more indirect ways. Besides overhunting, at least three other kinds of effects have been suggested: direct competition, imbalances between competing species of game animals, and early agricultural practices.

The word "Besides" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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