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新托福语境内猜词训练29 - 外语类 - 托福/托业 - 我要模考网
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发布人: HelloHedy   发布时间: 2016-07-20

新托福语境内猜词训练29

1

The widespread and usually uncritical acceptance of this thesis led in turn to the assumption that application of science to industrial purposes was a linear process, starting with fundamental science, then proceeding to applied science or technology, and through them to industrial use.

The word "assumption" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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2

The most thoroughly studied cases of deception strategies employed by ground-nesting birds involve plovers, small birds that typically nest on beaches or in open fields, their nests merely scrapes in the earth.

The word "merely" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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3

One technique involves first moving quietly toward an approaching animal and then setting off noisily through the grass or brush in a low, crouching run away from the nest, while emitting rodentlike squeaks.

The word "emitting" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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4

The plover's most famous stratagem is the broken --- wing display, actually a continuum of injury --- mimicking behaviors spanning the range from slight disability to near -complete helplessness.

The word "spanning" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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5

Few predators fail to pursue such obviously vulnerable prey. Needless to say, each short run between "flight attempts" is directed away from the nest.

The word "pursue" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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6

Glass fibers were little more than a novelty until the 1930's, when their thermal and electrical insulating properties were appreciated and methods for producing continuous filaments were developed.

The word "appreciated" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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7

The scarce fossils of the Proterozoic, mostly single-celled bacteria, provide little evidence in this regard. However, the rocks themselves do include the earliest evidence for glaciation, probably a global ice age.

The word "scarce" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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8

In 2.3-billion-year-old rocks in Canada near Lake Huron dating from the early part of the Proterozoic age), there are thin laminae of fine-grained sediments that resemble varves, the annual layers of sediment deposited in glacial lakes.

The word "resemble" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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9

Watching the behaviors diverse animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz, and Tinbergen observed behavior patterns that promote survival.

The word "diverse" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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10

The most well-known of these is imprinting, the early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to their mother and be fed and protected from danger.

The word "ensures" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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11

It refers to a limited time span during which the child is biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of suitably stimulating environment.

The word "suitably" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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12

The development of attachment in human infants is a lengthy process involving changes in psychological structures that lead to a deep affectional tie between parent and baby.

The phrase "affectional tie" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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13

Locke strongly suggested that individuals, while accepting their Americanism, take pride in their African ancestral arts and urged artists to look to Africa for substance and inspiration.

The word "urged" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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14

From this unity created by the convergence of artists from various social and geographical backgrounds came a new spirit, which, particularly in densely populated Harlem, was to result in greater group awareness and self-determination.

The word "convergence" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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15

African American graphic artists took their place beside the poets and writers of the Harlem Renaissance and carried on efforts to increase and promote the visual arts.

The phrase "carried on" is closest in meaning to which of following?

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