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[MSNBC视频] 科学家发现了大量的深海生物

Scientists discover thousands of deep-sea creatures
科学家发现了大量的深海生物

This is the “Dumbo”, a finned octopus. It swims by flapping its ear-like fins like the cartoon elephant. This expedition has brought us the “Jumbo Dumbo”, the largest so far found up to 2 meters long, and one of the biggest deep sea creatures.

这是“小飞象”,一种翅片章鱼。就像卡通里的大象一样,它靠拍打它的像耳朵般的鳍来游泳。这次探险给我们带来了长达2米的“巨型小飞象”,是迄今发现最大的深海动物之一。

Little is known of the marine animals that live in total darkness in the deepest part of Atlantic. Biologists searched some 3 miles down, have used specialized cameras and sampling methods, have identified over 17500 species.

对于生活在完全黑暗的大西洋深处的海洋动物,我们的了解是非常之少的。生物学家用专门的相机和抽样方法在大约3英里深处搜索,确认鉴定了超过17500种的物种。

“Was the deep-sea just a flat mountain? When people first looked at it, they thought they were looking at desert. There is not much living down there. Then more people looked, the more animals they found, and especially their found started at stunning look animals. They found thousands and thousands of species that they did not know exist until… We now think that there are more species in the deep-sea than in the tropical rain forest.”

“深海只是普通的山地吗?当人们第一次到深海去看时,他们以为只是去看像沙漠一样的不毛之地。在那里没有多少生命。当人们对深海的观看次数越来越多后,越来越多的动物(特别是那些有着惊人外表的动物)也就被发现了。他们发现了成千上万的从前不为人所知的物种。我们现在认为在深海处有比热带雨林还要丰富的物种。”

Many of these deep-sea creatures are exotic cousins to more familiar species living closer to the Ocean surface, like crabs, shrimps, worms, and jellyfish. They survived in the dark by feeding mostly on particles of decaying plants and animals that drift down the bottom of the Ocean. Unexpected secrets have been revealed, these fish can live up to one hundred years.

在深海生物当中有很多是我们比较熟悉,生活在更接近海洋的表面的物种的奇异表亲,如蟹,虾,蠕虫和水母。他们在黑暗中主要靠吃漂到海洋底部的腐烂植物和动物颗粒来生存。被意外发现的秘密是,这些鱼可以活到百年以上.

And incredibly, this worm drills the oil and eats chemicals found in the decomposing substance. Scientists will complete their census of this remote region in a year, but are astonished by the diversity of life flourishing in mid such inhospitable conditions.

而令人难以置信的是,这个蠕虫钻探出石油并吃那些分解了的东西中的化学物质。科学家们将在一年内完成对这一偏远地区的普查,他们被在这样恶劣的条件中蓬勃发展的生命的多样性彻底震惊住了。

 

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